John Buchan, 1st Baron Tweedsmuir, was born in 1875 in Perth, Scotland. He studied at Glasgow and Oxford Universities and turned to politics shortly after graduation, reaching the position of Governer General of Canada when he died in 1940. During the First World War he worked as a war correspondent for The Times, before joining the British Army Intelligence Corps, where he wrote speeches for Sir Douglas Haig. His experience of war left him vehemently opposed to armed conflict. He wrote many novels, poems, biographies, histories and works of social interest but is most famous for his Richard Hannay novels, The Thirty-Nine Steps and GREENMANTLE.