Dr Konrad Spindler was born Leipzig in 1939. He studied medicine, anthropology and archaeology, as well as prehistory and early history. He was head of excavation at 'Magdalenenberg' in Villingen in the Black Forest, and from 1977 to 1988 was Professor and Lecturer at the University of Erlangen-Nurnberg. Since 1988 he has occupied the Chair of prehistory and early history at Innsbruck University, and is serving as head of the department of medieval and modern archaeology. Konrad Spindler is the author of numerous books on archaeology.