The tragic story of the last Royalist attempt to overthrow the French revolution
In the summer of 1793 French Royalists surrendered the great naval base at Toulon to the British, intending this to be the springboard for a full-scale counter-revolution. A multi-national taskforce led by the British, and including Spanish, Austrian and Italian forces, landed in the city.
But the Royalists' hopes were dashed: the Revolutionaries reacted with great speed and violence. Instead of striking into France, the Royalists and their foreign allies were besieged in Toulon. Among the Republican forces was a young artillery officer who soon made a name for himself: Napoleon Bonaparte. The stage was set for tragedy. Bernard Ireland's popular and accessible account of the fall of Toulon brings to life a savage episode in European history.
Bernard Ireland has retired from the Ministry of Defence where he worked on a number of Anglo-French projects. Now a fulltime author, he is a fluent French speaker and an internationally acknowledged expert on military history. He is the author of Jane's Battleships of the 20th Century, Jane's Century of Naval Warfare, and Jane's Naval Aviation and The Mediterranean Campaign.